Why Test for HIV?
HIV testing shows whether a person has HIV. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus.
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone 13 to 64 years old get tested for HIV at least once and that people at high risk of infection get tested more often.
What are the risk factors for HIV?
Risk factors for HIV infection include having unprotected sex (sex without a condom) with someone who is HIV positive or whose HIV status you don’t know, having sex with many partners, and injecting drugs and sharing needles, syringes, or other drug equipment with others.
The CDC recommends that all pregnant women get tested for HIV as early as possible during each pregnancy.