What To Understand About Arthritis and How To Deal With It
Arthritis affects the people of all ages. The common symptoms of arthritis include joint pain, swelling and stiffness that may vary over time. Arthritis makes life painful, causing trouble in physical activities and get worse with age leading to disabilities.
Regardless of age or sex arthritis can cripple anyone. Although, nearly 53 million adults and 300,000 children have fallen victim to arthritis in America, most people are little aware about this disease and the type of arthritis they suffer.
Osteoarthritis or degenerate arthritis:
It is one of the most common forms of arthritis affecting millions across the world. When the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears away, it rubs against one another and commonly causes pain in the joints of knees, hands, hips and spine. There is no any common cure for Osteoarthritis. You can control its effect only by:
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Regular physical activity balancing rest
- Avoiding excessive and repetitive movements.
- Using other therapies and treatment.
When human immune systems mistakenly attack the joints and body tissues it is called rheumatoid or inflammatory arthritis. Besides attacking the joints it can affect other organs and parts of the body like eyes, skin, lungs and blood vessels. The symptoms get worse over time with the progress of the disease.
Infectious or septic Arthritis:
It is often caused by the infection of bacteria or viruses into your joints. Joints may become infected with germs or viruses travel through the bloodstream or directly through any injuries. Prompt treatment is necessary to clear the joint infection and prevent the spreading of infection.
The Human body produces uric acid and sometimes its amount increases more than the required. The extra amount of uric acid remains within the body because the body can’t discharge it quickly enough. It creates some needle like crystals in the joint, causing sudden episodic joint paint. It’s also called Gout attack. Controlling the uric acid level in your blood is the only way to get rid of Gout.
Is there any possible prevention?
Research is still underway to find a solution of Arthritis. Right now, it is a kind of disease where true prevention seems to be impossible. However, one can reduce the effect of arthritis and can slow down its progress by taking some caution.
- Maintain a healthy weight with regular physical activity.
- Eat healthy food, eat less, and do more aerobic exercise.
- Water exercises are best for arthritis sufferers.
- Quit smoking and drinking alcohol specially those who suffers Gout.
- Avoiding excessive and repetitive movements .
- Strengthening the muscles around the join for added support.
- Use some therapies and medication to help reduce pain and inflammation.
- Don’t delay to see a doctor if you have joint symptoms.
These are the things that can be done to preserve joint function and regain pleasure in life with no more pain. Arthritis is the no 1 reason causing disability among many people across the world. It might seem simple or its symptoms may not be severe for you during the initial period. But at any point of time it shouldn’t be ignored and it’s a good idea to visit your doctor as early as possible.
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What vaccinations does Doctors Immediate Care provide?
Doctors Immediate Care can provide Hep B, HIB, DTaP, IPV, Prevnar, Rotatek, CBC and lead level, MMR, Varicella, Meningococcal , HPV #1, HPV #2, HPV #3, Gardasil, Zoster( Shingles).
Vaccines play an important role in keeping us healthy. They protect us from serious and sometimes deadly diseases. Please call our offices to schedule an appointment.
Read answers to common questions to learn more about vaccine safety, the recommended schedule, how vaccines protect your child from 14 diseases by age two, and more.
Q: Are vaccines safe?
A: Yes. Vaccines are very safe. The United States’ long-standing vaccine safety system ensures that vaccines are as safe as possible. Currently, the United States has the safest vaccine supply in its history. Millions of children safely receive vaccines each year. The most common side effects are typically very mild, such as pain or swelling at the injection site.
Q: What are the side effects of the vaccines? How do I treat them?
A: Vaccines, like any medication, may cause some side effects. Most of these side effects are very minor, like soreness where the shot was given, fussiness, or a low-grade fever. These side effects typically only last a couple of days and are treatable. For example, you can apply a cool, wet washcloth on the sore area to ease discomfort.
Serious reactions are very rare. However, if your child experiences any reactions that concern you, call the doctor’s office.
Q: What are the risks and benefits of vaccines?
A: Vaccines can prevent infectious diseases that once killed or harmed many infants, children, and adults. Without vaccines, your child is at risk for getting seriously ill and suffering pain, disability, and even death from diseases like measles and whooping cough. The main risks associated with getting vaccines are side effects, which are almost always mild (redness and swelling at the injection site) and go away within a few days. Serious side effects after vaccination, such as a severe allergic reaction, are very rare and doctors and clinic staff are trained to deal with them. The disease-prevention benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the possible side effects for almost all children. The only exceptions to this are cases in which a child has a serious chronic medical condition like cancer or a disease that weakens the immune system, or has had a severe allergic reaction to a previous vaccine dose.
Q: Is there a link between vaccines and autism?
A: No. Scientific studies and reviews continue to show no relationship between vaccines and autism.
Some people have suggested that thimerosal (a compound that contains mercury) in vaccines given to infants and young children might be a cause of autism. Others have suggested that the MMR (measles- mumps-rubella) vaccine may be linked to autism. However, numerous scientists and researchers have studied and continue to study the MMR vaccine and thimerosal, and reach the same conclusion: there is no link between MMR vaccine or thimerosal and autism.
Q: Why do vaccines start so early?
A: The recommended schedule protects infants and children by providing immunity early in life, before they come into contact with life-threatening diseases. Children receive immunization early because they are susceptible to diseases at a young age. The consequences of these diseases can be very serious, even life-threatening, for infants and young children.
Q: Haven’t we gotten rid of most of these diseases in this country?
A: Some vaccine-preventable diseases, like pertussis (whooping cough) and chickenpox, remain common in the United States. On the other hand, other diseases vaccines prevent are no longer common in this country because of vaccines. However, if we stopped vaccinating, the few cases we have in the United States could very quickly become tens or hundreds of thousands of cases. Even though many serious vaccine-preventable diseases are uncommon in the United States, some are common in other parts of the world. Even if your family does not travel internationally, you could come into contact with international travelers anywhere in your community. Children who don’t receive all vaccinations and are exposed to a disease can become seriously sick and spread it through a community.
Q: Why does my child need a chickenpox shot? Isn’t it a mild disease?
A: Your child needs a chickenpox vaccine because chickenpox can actually be a serious disease. In many cases, children experience a mild case of chickenpox, but other children may have blisters that become infected. Others may develop pneumonia. There is no way to tell in advance how severe your child’s symptoms will be.
Before vaccine was available, about 50 children died every year from chickenpox, and about 1 in 500 children who got chickenpox was hospitalized.
Q: My child is sick right now. Is it okay for her to still get shots?
A: Talk with your child’s doctor, but children can usually get vaccinated even if they have a mild illness like a cold, earache, mild fever, or diarrhea. If the doctor says it is okay, your child can still get vaccinated.
Q: What are the ingredients in vaccines and what do they do?
A: Vaccines contain ingredients that cause the body to develop immunity. Vaccines also contain very small amounts of other ingredients. All ingredients play necessary roles either in making the vaccine, or in ensuring that the final product is safe and effective.
Q: Don’t infants have natural immunity? Isn’t natural immunity better than the kind from vaccines?
A: Babies may get some temporary immunity (protection) from mom during the last few weeks of pregnancy, but only for diseases to which mom is immune. Breastfeeding may also protect your baby temporarily from minor infections, like colds. These antibodies do not last long, leaving your baby vulnerable to disease.
Natural immunity occurs when your child is exposed to a disease and becomes infected. It is true that natural immunity usually results in better immunity than vaccination, but the risks are much greater. A natural chickenpox infection may result in pneumonia, whereas the vaccine might only cause a sore arm for a couple of days.
Q: Can’t I just wait to vaccinate my baby, since he isn’t in child care, where he could be exposed to diseases?
A: No, even young children who are cared for at home can be exposed to vaccine preventable diseases, so it’s important for them to get all their vaccines at the recommended ages. Children can catch these illnesses from any number of people or places, including from parents, brothers or sisters, visitors to their home, on playgrounds or even at the grocery store. Regardless of whether or not your baby is cared for outside the home, she comes in contact with people throughout the day, some of whom may be sick but not know it yet.
If someone has a vaccine preventable disease, they may not have symptoms or the symptoms may be mild, and they can end up spreading disease to babies or young children. Remember, many of these diseases can be especially dangerous to young children so it is safest to vaccinate your child at the recommended ages to protect her, whether or not she is in child care.
Q: Do I have to vaccinate my baby on schedule if I’m breastfeeding him?
A: Yes, even breastfed babies need to be protected with vaccines at the recommended ages. The immune system is not fully developed at birth, which puts newborns at greater risk for infections.
Breast milk provides important protection from some infections as your baby’s immune system is developing. For example, babies who are breastfed have a lower risk of ear infections, respiratory tract infections, and diarrhea. However, breast milk does not protect children against all diseases. Even in breastfed infants, vaccines are the most effective way to prevent many diseases. Your baby needs the long-term protection that can only come from making sure he receives all his vaccines according to the CDC’s recommended schedule.
Q: What’s wrong with delaying some of my baby’s vaccines if I’m planning to get them all eventually?
A: Young children have the highest risk of having a serious case of disease that could cause hospitalization or death. Delaying or spreading out vaccine doses leaves your child unprotected during the time when they need vaccine protection the most. For example, diseases such as Hib or pneumococcus almost always occur in the first 2 years of a baby’s life. And some diseases, like Hepatitis B and whooping cough (pertussis), are more serious when babies get them at a younger age. Vaccinating your child according to the CDC’s recommended immunization schedule means you can help protect him at a young age.
Are you experiencing the symptoms of diabetes, or have you been diagnosis and in need of a doctor’s care? The physicians at Doctors Immediate Care can help. Call your local office to make an appointment.
What is the goal of treatment?
The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any elevation of blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is treated first with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, treatment with insulin is considered.
Adherence to a diabetic diet is an important aspect of controlling elevated blood sugar in patients with diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has provided guidelines for a diabetic diet. The ADA diet is a balanced, nutritious diet that is low in fat, cholesterol, and simple sugars. The total daily calories are evenly divided into three meals. In the past two years, the ADA has lifted the absolute ban on simple sugars. Small amounts of simple sugars are allowed when consumed with a complex meal.
Weight reduction and exercise are important treatments for diabetes. Weight reduction and exercise increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, thus helping to control blood sugar elevations.
Popular medications for type 2 diabetes are designed to:
•Increase the sensitivity (response) of cells to insulin,
•Increase the insulin output by the pancreas,
•Decrease the amount of glucose released from the liver,
•Decrease the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestine,
•Slow emptying of the stomach to delay the presentation of carbohydrates for digestion and absorption in the small intestine.
The Popular Therapy for type 2 diabetes, consideration should be given to:
•The magnitude of change in blood sugar control that each medication will provide
•Other coexisting medical conditions (high blood pressure, cholesterol, etc.)
•Adverse effects of the therapy
•Contraindications to therapy
•Issues that may affect compliance (timing of medication, frequency of dosing); and
•Cost to the patient and the healthcare system.
It’s important to remember that if a drug can provide more than one benefit such as lowering blood sugar and have a beneficial effect on cholesterol it should be preferred. It’s also important to bear in mind that the cost of drug therapy is relatively small compared to the cost of managing the long-term complications associated with poorly controlled diabetes.
Varying combinations of medications also are used to correct abnormally elevated levels of blood glucose in diabetes. As the list of medications continues to expand, treatment options for type 2 diabetes can be better tailored to meet an individual needs. Not every patient with type 2 diabetes will benefit from every drug, and not every drug is suitable for each patient. Patients with type 2 diabetes should work closely with their physicians to achieve goals that provides the greatest benefits while minimizing risks.
Patients with diabetes should never forget the importance of diet and exercise. The control of diabetes starts with a healthy lifestyle regardless of what medications are being used.
Poor health can significantly affect your life. Improve your life by creating good health habits. Call your local office to schedule an appointment with one of our doctors for evaluation and testing.
What is B12?
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin, also known as cobalamin.
It plays a vital role in brain function and the production of DNA and red blood cells.
Chemically, vitamin B12 can exist in a number of different forms, but all of them contain the mineral cobalt.
The vitamin can be stored in the liver for a long time, so it may take a few years for a deficiency to develop.
Why are people B12 deficient?
The recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin B12 is 6 micrograms per day.
Deficiency is common, especially in people who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet.
In fact, it’s thought that up to 90% of people following these diets have a deficiency.
This is because B12 is only found naturally in animal foods.
However, vegans and vegetarians are not the only ones who are deficient. Even some meat eaters don’t absorb it very well.
Unlike other vitamins, the absorption of vitamin B12 depends on a protein produced in your stomach, called intrinsic factor.
Intrinsic factor binds to vitamin B12, so that you can absorb it into the blood. People who don’t produce enough intrinsic factor can become deficient.
What You Need to Know About
The importance of immunizations and also the need for improving national immunization coverage levels and encourages all people to protect their health by being vaccinated against infectious diseases.
- 1 child dies every 20 seconds from vaccine-preventable diseases.
- 1 in 5 child deaths are caused by pneumonia.
- Every year, 1.7 million children die from preventable diseases like rubella, mumps, tetanus, etc, because of no access to life-saving vaccines.
- 380,000 deaths per year caused by haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), which can cause meningitis and pneumonia.
- Vaccines boost the body’s own immune defense system by creating an immunity that protects the individual from infection.
- Vaccines contain a little bit of a disease germ that is weak or dead, introduced into the body to make antibodies to fight the source of the same kind that are responsible for the disease.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Immunizations are one of the top 10 public health accomplishments of the 20th century.
Immunizations protect the people from Vaccine-preventable diseases, including hepatitis B, measles, Influenza, Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis, Pneumococcal, chickenpox, Human papillomavirus (HPV), etc.,. The main goal of NIAM is to increase awareness about immunizations.
Immunizations continue to change and new vaccines are released each year, required for everyone irrespective of the age or occupation, needed throughout life in order to stay healthy. One need to assess the benefits and risks involved while considering immunization. It is advisable to consult the doctor.
Who Needs Vaccines?
Generally vaccines are recommended for infants, children, seniors, people with disabilities, pregnant woman, people suffering from health concerns, etc,.
Types of Vaccines
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, haemophilus influenza type B. These diseases can kill or disable large numbers of children.
- Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver.
- Human Papillomavirus – HPV
- Measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chickenpox)
- Meningococcal disease
- Pneumococcal disease
How to get Vaccine?
There are two types of vaccine: 1. Flu shot 2. Nasal Spray
Flu shot is made with inactivated or killed flu virus that is injected into the body of person who is suffering from flu. Some of the common side effects one can experience include headache, soreness, and fever. Generally this process of injecting is approved for healthy persons older than 6 months, Asthma Patients, Diabetic Patients and Chronic lung disease Patients
Nasal Spray is made with weakened live flu virus and given with a mist sprayed in noise and generally approved for all healthy people between the ages of 2 and 49, but not for pregnant women.
When to Vaccinate?
One gets the flu shot or spray shortly after its available each year. Early Immunization is recommended for most effective results. Being not vaccinated increases the chance of spreading the disease to others in family and neighbors.
Where to Get Vaccine?
The physicians at Doctors Immediate Care have a tremendous experience of delivering quick and efficient Professional Health Care at a reasonable price can make sure you’ve had all the vaccinations you need.
You can also directly walk-in into our clinics with out any appointment.
When to See an ENT Specialist
Do you find it difficult to hear properly or do you feel pain in your ear? If you answered yes to any of the two questions, then it’s about time you go to an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) doctor also known as an Otolaryngologist. In the article below, we look at various scenarios.
We all know that an ENT focuses on problems concerning the ear, nose, and throat, but what specifically warrants a call to a qualified ENT?
What is an ENT?
Let’s start with the acronym basics:
Ear: Ear disorders, such as hearing impairment, ear infections, disorders that affect balance, tinnitus and pain in your ears are all conditions that should be assessed and treated by an ENT.
Nose: An ENT’s expertise includes the nose, nasal cavities and sinuses and problems affecting smell, breathing and physical appearance.
Throat: Conditions that affect speech, singing, eating, swallowing and digestion should all be addressed by an ENT.
An ENT’s role extends to issues surrounding the neck and head that are ENT-related. These include diseases, tumors, trauma, and deformities of the head, neck, and face. They can also perform cosmetic and reconstructive surgery to address issues in these areas.
Signs You Should Visit An Ear, Nose And Throat Doctor
Your sinuses take up a large portion of your face and can become inflamed and very sore when problems are present. As such, if you experience sinus pain that lasts for a few days, then you should see an ENT specialist. Sinus pain includes pain in your face, ear, upper teeth region, and nose. Go and see your ENT doctor and they will diagnose the source of your sinus pain and find the best treatment plan for you. Read the rest of the article here.
Your nose will run when there is excess drainage produced by nasal tissues and blood vessels. This can happen due to irritants and inflammation from colds and allergies, from an infection such as sinusitis, or from a blockage in the nasal cavity. Drainage runs throughout your sinuses, so it can come out of your nose or down the back of your throat.
An ENT doctor can talk to you about your symptoms and examine you to determine what’s causing your nose to run. Some conditions and corresponding treatments an ENT can offer include: Get complete information here…
Basically, any type of pain that you experience in your ears, nose, or throat qualifies as a reason for you to visit an ENT specialist. Most cases that ENTs receive are related to hearing loss. ENTs conduct various tests in order to diagnose a patient for hearing loss. In the following article, we will look at the tests in detail.
5 Types of Hearing Tests
More than 48 million Americans have diagnosable hearing loss; according to the National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, that’s roughly 15 percent of the American population. To diagnose hearing loss, an individual should schedule a visit with an audiologist.
Diagnosis occurs through hearing tests. There are five common tests audiologists use to diagnose a patient’s hearing loss. These tests include:
- Pure-tone test
- Speech test
- Middle ear test
- Auditory brainstem response
- Otoacoustic emissions
Read about each test in detail by clicking here…
Once the tests are done, the doctor will prescribe appropriate medicine which will help a person in recovering.
It is important for us to determine where pain or discomfort comes from. If the source of such is coming from the ears, nose, or throat, the person should book an appointment to see an ENT specialist.
Urine drug testing is one action an employer can take to determine if employees or job applicants are using drugs. It can identify evidence of recent use of alcohol, prescription drugs and illicit drugs. The medical professionals at Doctors Immediate Care can administer these tests for you. Please call our offices to make an appointment.
Why Urine drug test?
There are a number of different bodily specimens that can be chemically tested to detect evidence of recent drug use. Although some state laws dictate which types of tests can be used, a number of options are technologically feasible. Urine is the most commonly used specimen when testing for illicit drugs.
The results of a urine test show the presence or absence of drug metabolites in a person’s urine. Metabolites are drug residues that remain in the body for some time after the effects of a drug have worn off. It’s important to note that a positive urine test does not necessarily mean a person was under the influence of drugs at the time of the test. Rather, it detects and measures use of a particular drug within the previous few days and has become the defacto evidence of current use.
Because alcohol passes rapidly through the system, urine tests must be conducted very quickly after alcohol consumption to ensure any degree of accuracy. For this reason, urine tests are generally not helpful in detecting alcohol use as opposed to illicit and prescription drug use, which is more easily traced in urine.
An alcohol screening test helps determine if you abuse alcohol or have an alcohol use disorder. Our team of medical professionals uses varied testing to make a determination. Please call our offices to make an appointment for your alcohol screening.
The CAGE Test
One of the oldest and most popular screening tools for alcohol abuse is the CAGE test, which is a short, four-question test that diagnoses alcohol problems over a lifetime.
- C – Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking?
- A- Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
- G – Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?
- E – Eye-opener: Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover?
The T-ACE Test
The T-ACE test has four questions, including three from the CAGE test, but has proven more accurate in diagnosing alcohol problems in both men and women.
- T – Does it take more than three drinks to make you feel high?
- A – Have you ever been annoyed by people’s criticism of your drinking?
- C – Are you trying to cut down on drinking?
- E – Have you ever used alcohol as an eye opener in the morning?
One of the most accurate tests is the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). It’s accurate up to 94 percent of the time and across ethnic and gender groups.
The RAPS Test
The Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen (RAPS) asks questions similar to the CAGE test, but from a different perspective. The results are accurate across gender and ethnic groups.
The MAST Test
The Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) effectively diagnoses adults and adolescents. It has 22 yes or no questions.
The FAST Test
The FAST test is a four-question quiz designed specifically for patients in urgent care or emergency room situations.
Paddington Alcohol Test
The Paddington Alcohol Test (PAT) is for patients getting treatment for falls and accidents in the emergency room. This three-questions test is easy to score.
What is the flu?
Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza is commonly called the flu, but it’s not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.
For most people, influenza resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly. People at higher risk of developing flu complications include:
- Young children under age 5, and especially those under 2 years
- Adults older than age 65
- Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
- Pregnant women and women up to two weeks postpartum
- People with weakened immune systems
- People who have chronic illnesses such as asthma, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and diabetes
- People who are very obese, with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher
The annual influenza vaccine is your best defense against the flu.
Common signs and symptoms of the flu include:
– Fever over 100.4 F (38 C)
– Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs
– Chills and sweats
– Dry, persistent cough
– Fatigue and weakness
– Nasal congestion
– Sore throat
A bout of the flu typically lasts one to two weeks, with severe symptoms subsiding in two to three days. However, weakness, fatigue, dry cough, and a reduced ability to exercise can linger for three to seven days.
While the symptoms of influenza B mirrors those of A, the main difference between the two strains is who it can affect. This allows strains of A to be spread more rapidly than B, while also meaning strains of B cannot cause pandemics with symptoms likely less severe. Flu shots protect against both strains of influenza.
The Flu Is Contagious. Most healthy adults may be able to infect other people beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Children may pass the virus for longer than 7 days. Symptoms start 1 to 4 days after the virus enters the body.
If you believe you have a sexually transmitted disease, (STD) it’s important to be tested and get proper treatment right away. The board certified physicians at Doctors Immediate Care can help. Call your local office to make an appointment today.
The STD Lab Panel contains the following tests:
- Chlamydia Test
- Gonorrhea Test
- HIV-1 Antibodies Test
- Syphilis Test
- Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Type I
- Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Type II
- Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
- Hepatitis B Core Antibodies Total
- Hepatitis C Antibody
Insured Patients – Some or all of included services may be covered by your insurance plan. Please check with your insurance provider before scheduling an appointment. As a courtesy, we will file a claim on your behalf to insurance companies we are in-network with.
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
These STDs often co-exist in the same infected individual and can be passed simultaneously to a sexual partner. Since treatment for each of these conditions may differ, it’s an excellent medical practice to test for both if either one is suspected. Furthermore, these serious STDs may not cause any symptoms at first. Later, if they are not treated, they can cause pain and serious health problems, such as arthritis and infertility.
Syphilis is a serious bacterial infection. It’s usually passed from one person to another by sexual contact. If it’s not treated, syphilis can lead to permanent brain, nerve, and tissue damage.
Genital herpes is a common STD caused by a virus. The virus is called the herpes simplex virus or HSV. It causes painful blisters that break open and form sores in the genital area.
HIV-1 Infection and AIDS
HIV is the abbreviation used for the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a life-threatening disease.
Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver. The liver becomes inflamed and tender. It may also become swollen. Areas of liver tissue may be destroyed by the inflammation. Hepatitis B is a serious, sometimes severe and even fatal type of hepatitis. In addition to being a sexually transmitted disease (STD), Hepatitis B is a blood-borne pathogen and exposure to the blood of an infected person may result in infection.
Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver. The liver becomes inflamed. Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus. The virus is spread mainly through contact with infected blood. Sometimes it’s spread through sexual contact.