The most common cause of injury in the elderly population is falling. About 30%-50% of falls in the elderly result in minor injuries including bruises, abrasions, and lacerations, but an estimated 10% of all falls in seniors cause major injuries including intracranial injuries (ICIs) and fractures.
One percent of all falls of elderly people result in hip fractures which pose a significant risk for death. In addition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between 2006 and 2010, falls were the leading cause of traumatic brain injury-related deaths in persons aged 65 or older.
It’s imperative to have the elderly examined after a fall. Doctors Immediate Care can help.
Most falls occur on the flat; falls on the stairs or in the bathroom are relatively rare. Old women tend to fall in the house, old men in the garden. In `care homes’, many falls occur on the way to or from the toilet. Only one in a hundred falls results in a hip fracture, but one-fifth cause serious injury.
There are three main reasons why older people are more likely to have a fall. These are: chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, dementia and low blood pressure, which can cause dizziness. impairments, such as poor vision or muscle weakness.
Older people often have poor balance due to loss of muscle strength and joint flexibility, as well as reduced vision and reaction time. And the risk of inner ear dysfunction, which can throw you off balance, increases with age.